Solar Power Statistics in India 2019 0

Solar Energy Market in India

India is emerging as one of the major solar energy markets in the world and in the process of catching up with the two leading countries like China and the US.

Currently, India ranks as the third-largest solar market in the world.

Over the past decade, a lot of things have changed in the Indian solar market. After a significant policy reshuffling by the current government and increasing adaptation of solar energy throughout the country have proved to be the right move towards achieving renewable energy solutions.

The Indian government has set a target to reach 100 GW of solar capacity by 2022.

The increased capacity will help to meet one of the goals according to the Paris climate agreement. The goal is to make renewable sources account for 40% of the total power-generation capacity by 2030.

 

       Fig.1: Estimated Potential of Renewable Power in India 2018 (Source: mospi.gov.in)

In 2018, the country’s cumulative solar capacity was 28 GW, and in 2019, it is already set for a record solar capacity additions.

A report by Mercom Communications India shows that solar installations in India have reached 8.3 GW in recent times, including rooftop solar panels and large-scale solar units.

The same study further shows that there was a spike in rooftop installations in the country by a substantial 66% year-on-year with total cumulative installations were nearly 3.3 GW at the end of 2018.

Another report by renewable energy consultancy firm Bridge to India, new installations are likely to reach approximately 14 gigawatts (GW) in 2019. This is nearly 50% more than the capacity added in 2018.

Adding new solar capacity will take India’s installed solar capacity to almost 38 GW by the end of 2019.

Overall, India is set to add up nearly 16 GW of clean energy capacity in 2019, which are mostly driven by large-scale solar projects.

On a year-to-year basis, the share of solar capacity in India went up from 6.6% in March 2018 to 8.4% in March 2019.

Among all the renewable energy sources, solar accounts for nearly 38% of the installed capacity, which was up by 2% compared to the earlier quarter.

Currently, as many as 80 large-scale projects are in the pipeline of 5 MW capacity or more.

Related article: Top 10 Solar Associations in India

 

Leading Indian states in Solar Energy in 2018-19

The government of India has set a target of solar installed capacity of 100 GW by 2022.

Achieving this installation goal will be a cumulative effort by the Indian states.

Currently, the states in the southern part of India are ahead when it comes to solar panel installations by the end of 2018.

Other states that are trying to stay close are mainly Telangana, Rajasthan, and Gujarat.

 

Fig.2: Top 10 Indian States in Solar Installation (Source: mercomindia)

 

Karnataka

Currently, Karnataka is leading the solar race among the Indian states. According to Mercom’s India’s Solar Project Tracker, the state has gone past 5 GW of total solar installations in 2018. It has a 24% market share of the total installed capacity in India.

It seems that Karnataka is likely to maintain its lead in 2019, while other states such as Telangana, Rajasthan, and Andhra Pradesh will try to catch up as the year goes.

 

Telangana

Telangana is the second among the leading states with an installed capacity of 3.2 GW. There is a pipeline of solar projects with approximately 200 MW capacity.

 

Rajasthan

Rajasthan is another state with a high potential for solar market expansion due to its sunny weather. Currently, the installed capacity in the state is nearly 2.3 GW. Also, there is a significant solar project pipeline of nearly 1.5 GW.

 

Andhra Pradesh

The solar installed capacity of Andhra Pradesh is 2.3 GW, and the state has a project development pipeline of more than 600 MW.

 

Tamil Nadu

Tamil Nadu has installed a solar capacity of 1.8 GW and has a substantial solar project pipeline of more than 2 GW.

 

Gujarat

Gujarat has nearly 1.4 GW of installed solar capacity, and a project development pipeline of more than half a gigawatt.

 

Madhya Pradesh

The solar installed capacity of Madhya Pradesh is 1.3 GW, and another gigawatt of projects that are in the project pipeline.

 

Maharashtra

Maharashtra’s installed solar capacity is 1.1 GW, and the state has projects of 350 MW in the pipeline.

 

Punjab

The installed solar capacity in Punjab 810 MW, and currently has a small pipeline of solar projects.

 

Uttar Pradesh

The 10th spot goes to Uttar Pradesh, which has an installed capacity of 635 MW and has a project pipeline of around 300 MW.

The remaining Indian states together have 4% solar installed capacity.

 

Solar Growth Statistics

India continues to add renewable energy capacity to its overall energy mix.

During the financial year 2018-19, solar energy will account for nearly 22.3% of India’s energy capacity mix. This is a significant spike from the previous financial year (2017-18) of 20.3% share.

India has recently gone beyond the landmark of 80 GW in terms of renewable energy capacity. Out of the total capacity, the share of solar energy is 29.55 GW, and the rest is wind power with a capacity of 36.37 GW.

As mentioned earlier, the government of Indian has set a target of reaching 175 GW of clean energy capacity by 2022, in which 100 GW for solar energy.

According to the Power and New & Renewable Energy Ministry, to keep pace with this energy target, a total of 29.55 GW of solar energy capacity has been installed in the country as on June 30, 2019.

The major contributing factor to Indian’s overall solar energy market growth is attributed to large-scale solar projects.

 

Fig. 3: Large-scale Solar Capacity Addition 2019 (Source:qz.com)

Besides large-scale projects, installations of rooftop solar panels also continue to go up.

Residential consumers in India still have not completely adopted the rooftop solar panels due to their relatively high cost.

Commercial and industrial buildings, however, buy grid electricity at significantly higher rates than residential consumers and find it more economical to switch to solar panels.

 

Fig. 4: Rooftop Solar Capacity Addition – 2015-19 (Source:qz.com)  

At the end of March 2019, India’s total installed power capacity was 358 GW with renewable energy accounted for 80 GW, comprising 22%. It is an increase of 1.1% compared with the financial year 2017-18 with a cumulative energy installation of 70 GW.

What are the reasons behind the surge of the solar industry? 

One of the major reasons behind the surge in the solar energy industry is the government’s push to reach 100 GW of solar capacity by 2022 as per the Paris climate agreement.

The state and central governments are issuing tenders and inviting bids for large-scale projects. The main customers of these projects are state-owned power distributing companies.

Commissioning these projects may take up to 2 years, and that is when it is considered that the new capacity is added.

Here is a list of the primary reasons that have pushed India towards solar energy growth:

Government Initiatives & Policies – The government specialized bodies like the Ministry of New and Renewable Energy (MNRE) have played a crucial role in revising and rolling out new energy policies.

By implementing those policies and setting aggressive targets, it has been possible for the country to become one of the major solar energy markets.

Incentives – Since 2010, there were several subsidies and incentives that the government implemented that have encouraged the process of adopting solar energy.

In the beginning, there was up to 30% that the government provided for all rooftop solar projects, boosted the development of the rooftop solar market.

Some of the incentives that contributed to the growth of the solar market were under 80-1A, rolled out between 2010 and 2015. Those incentives had given major relief to solar developers by offering tax breaks.

Low Cost of Labour – Low labour cost in the Indian solar market helped to employ a large number of people, which made it possible to speed up the projects.

The easy availability of low-cost labour offered consumers energy at the lowest cost as well as created a significant number of jobs in the market.

These days, in India, a large solar plant with 500 MW capacity can be set up within 18 months, whereas a similar hydro or thermal plant might take 2-3 times more.

Streamline Land Acquisition – In 2016, the government had introduced guidelines that instructed the state governments to identify suitable large lands with an appropriate level of insolation.

Also, the states had to prioritize the use of government non-agricultural or wasteland to speed up the acquisition process for establishing solar parks.

 

The Economic Index of the Solar Industry

Renewable energy has secured a prominent place in the Indian energy space to its low-cost power generation capacity.

India’s new status as the cheapest solar energy producer has further created a shift towards complete reliance on renewable energy.

A recent report by The International Renewable Energy Agency (IRENA) shows that the costs for setting up solar PV projects in India dropped by nearly 80% between 2010 and 2018.

 

Fig.5: Solar Capacity in 2019 (Source:qz.com)

The initiatives taken by the government of India as early as 2010, fostered consistent growth in the solar energy segment.

The encouraging surge in the energy sector had further helped the solar industry to get the cost advantage through the economies of scale in a short period.

The total installed solar capacity in 2010 was 10 MW, and subsequently, the installed capacity went up significantly to  6000 MW. Overall, it was a spike of 600 times in just 6 years.

In March 2019, the total installed solar capacity in the country reached 30 GW, which was a jump of 5 times in 3 years.

Currently, solar energy has reached 30% of the target set of 100 GW by 2022, which is contributing 38% to the total renewable energy capacity.

 

Solar Energy Production Statistics

The capacity of solar energy production in India has gone up significantly in recent years. A report by the Central Electricity Authority (CEA) shows that in the Q1 of 2019, solar power accounted for more than 11.4 BUs of electricity produced.

There is an increase of 34% year-over-year (YoY) from 8.5 BUs energy produced in the Q1 of 2018.

During the financial of 2018-19, India generated solar power of nearly 39.2 BUs, which is an increase of almost 52% compared to the previous financial year 2017-18.

 

Fig.6: Solar Electricity Production in India (Source: mercomindia)

Another report by Mercom’s India Solar Project Tracker reveals that installed solar capacity in the country will increase by 32% by the end of 2019, compared to 22.7 GW installed in the previous financial year.

Currently, renewable energy initiatives in India have boosted the solar industry. It has further helped the nation become the second most attractive market in the world for equipment related to renewable energy.

The transition of the solar energy industry in India has got the much-needed momentum, keeping up with yearly energy target. Despite the fact that the target of 100 GW of solar energy by 2022 seems ambitious, India has geared up with a clear intent to achieve it.

In the current global energy market scenario, India has already surpassed the US to become the second-largest solar power market in the world (based on solar power installations).

As stated earlier, the government is focusing more on initiating and completing large-scale solar installations in the country, which accounts for 87% solar capacity.

On the other hand, rooftop solar installations are also set to pick up. During FY 2018-19, rooftop installations accounted for 1,836 MW and contributed significantly to the country’s total energy capacity of 53%.

Related article: Solar Power Statistics in the USA 2019

 

Conclusion

Deployment of solar projects and the production of solar energy have gone up substantially in India. However, there are still some gray areas, particularly in the area of solar equipment manufacturing, as only a handful of companies are dominating this segment.

To become a global leader in the solar energy segment, the country cannot rely mainly on large-scale solar projects. India has the second-largest population in the world, and reaching out to residential customers with low-cost solar energy will expand the market substantially.

Currently, the need-of-the-hour is to develop an end-to-end value chain to be more competitive and achieve sustainable energy growth in the long run.

Related article: Top 10 Solar Mounting System Manufacturers in India

Archived news

In a rapidly growing economy, with a rapidly increasing population, nothing is more important that establishing energy policies to be carried out over the course of several years. For instance, Germany has recently released news of their commitment to converting to 100% renewable energy by, 2050. The most important counties that pose the greatest threat to climate change, are China and India, “Total net electricity generation in non-OECD countries increases by an average of 3.3 percent per year…led by non-OECD Asia (including China and India).” While China has been a growing supporter of renewable energy, particularly solar PV, India seems to have been lagging behind dramatically. If you take a look at the graph in my previous post, you will see India was nowhere to be found. Up until very recently, India had a strong resistance to solar PV, but now it’s projected to grow dramatically.

With all the information provided in this blog and many other resources, the average person can tell that solar PV has a sustainable future and is certainly an economically feasible resource, so what set India apart? The next few posts will tackle this question and explore the major advances India has recently taken and the setbacks India has gone through in the solar PV industry. Particularly, this blog will examine how recent advocacy campaigns in India successfully used leverage politics to gain a stronghold in the country, and perhaps we in the United States can learn from their example.

For further reading, please click the links below:

https://www.eia.gov/forecasts/ieo/more_highlights.cfm#world

https://india.gov.in/allimpfrms/alldocs/15657.pdf

Original Article on riseofthesolarempire

India is going to install millions of solar panels as solar energy will remain the fastest growing energy source for India for the next decade. There are multiple opportunities where investors can benefit from the solar panel industry in India like in providing mounting solutions, installation services, monitoring services etc. However one overlooked sector is providing security solutions and services for solar panel arrays. Note India does not have the greatest policing in the world and solar panels are installed outside homes and offices. Recently solar panels were stolen from a high security Government facility underlining the vulnerability of solar panel security. This left egg on the face of the Governor of the North Eastern state who had inaugurated the solar energy installation boasting of cutting down of fossil fuels by 50%. The embarrassment could have been prevented if the Government had invested in a decent security solution.

A number of solar panels installed in the Meghalaya Raj Bhavan were stolen Saturday, police said.The 43 solar panels, installed in the kitchen garden, were meant to provide additional electricity to the sprawling Raj Bhavan here.”The solar plates must have been stolen in the early hours of Saturday,” East Khasi Hills police chief Mariahom Kharkrang told IANS.”The thieves surely came with a big vehicle to carry out the heavy solar panel worth Rs.6.19 lakh.”The solar plates had been installed by Hyderabad Batteries Limited to generate 30 kilowatt power.Meghalaya Governor R.S. Mooshahary had said the solar panels will cater to 50 percent of the Raj Bhavan requirements during peak season and about 80 pe cent during the lean season.

This makes it easy for thieves to steal solar panels which they can easily sell in the second hand market for a tidy sum. Stealing of solar panels has been known to occur in almost every country they are installed. There are already solution providers which sell products which help in securing solar panels from thieves.

NY Times

Police departments in California — the biggest market for solar power, with more than 33,000 installations — are seeing a rash of such burglaries, though nobody compiles overall statistics.

Investigators do not believe the thieves are acting out of concern for their carbon footprints. Rather, authorities assume that many panels make their way to unwitting homeowners, sometimes via the Internet.

 Here are some simple solutions to securing of solar panels:

  • Security Fasteners – There are companies which provide fasteners that are extremely hard to unfasten that secure solar panels to their mounts.
  • Video Cameras – For commercial installations, use of CCTVs is recommended. Already video cameras have become prolific all over the world.
  • Reduced Access – You can control the access by putting in security gates and alarms.
  • Human Guards

Here is an old guide to setting up solar business

Main avenues of getting into the solar industry

1) Manufacturing of solar panels, cells, wafers in  a factory and selling them.

2) Manufacturing other system parts of a solar system such as solar cables, solar inverters, solar glass, encapsulants, racking systems etc.

3) Solar Development, that is setting up a solar power plant by financing it and selling the plant or the electricity.

4) Solar Installation – This involves installing a solar system on a house or a commercial establishment. This involves wiring, putting up the panels, procurement etc

5) Solar Distribution – The solar industry works in the traditional way where manufacturers sell to wholesalers who in turn sell to retailer.

How to Make Money in India’s Solar Boom originally appeared in Green Chip Stocks. Green Chip Review is a free 2x-per-week newsletter, is the first advisory to focus exclusively on investments in alternative and renewable energies.

 

Like many countries around the world, governments tend to be slow getting necessary protocols through. Even if evidence proves a positive good for the health and happiness of a nation, often it just takes a push in the right direction to get the gears in motion. The advancements with solar PV in India are not only a shining example to the world (including the United States), but also it helps shed light on the positives of solar power.

TERI, the Energy Resource Institute, one of the greatest and most influential actors in the advocacy campaign for solar power in India has made several powerful and interesting advancements over the years. The following are a list of only several of the many ongoing and completed projects TERI created in India and a brief explanation of them.

TERI’s Lighting a Billion Lives campaign LaBL: “Since its launch, LaBL has illuminated around 30,000 households spread over 550 villages across 15 Indian states. Solar lanterns are recharged at a village solar charging station and rented out to the villagers at a daily nominal cost. These charging stations, while ensuring quality services at affordable rate, also provide green jobs to local people who manage these stations; besides helping reduce consumption of subsidized kerosene substantially.”

Pilot Project on solar PV based hybrid charging station for e-bikes: “The proposed solar PV based hybrid charging station for e-bikes would consist of installed solar PV array in conjunction with grid and necessary charge controllers for charging the e-bikes. In addition the hybrid system would also have the option to charge buffer batteries for other applications. The objectives of the project are (a) Design and development of solar PV based hybrid charging station for e-bikes, (b) Field testing and customization of the charging station, (c) Finding roadmap for commercialization of such activity.To take this initiative ahead, TERI has formed a consortium with ST Micro electronics, Moser Baer and Ultra motors. Two e-bikes for this project will be supplied by Ultra motors and solar PV will be supplied by Moser Baer. TERI will jointly develop electronics with ST Micro electronics and the required electronics will be supplied by them.”

Training Course for Rural Communities: “As part of the ITEC (Indian Technical and Economic Cooperation)/SCAAP (Special Commonwealth African Assistance Programme) of the Government of India, TERI, for the second consecutive year, conducted a 3-week Course titled ‘Designing and Implementing Solar Energy based Livelihood Projects for Rural Communities’ in New Delhi from 12 September to 30 September 2011.The objective of the course was to build the capacity of organizations and individuals from developing countries, enabling them to apply the enhanced knowledge and skills in large-scale generation of sustainable livelihoods utilizing solar technology.”

For a list of all projects TERI has implemented and continues in implement in India please click the following link:

TERI

Original Article on riseofthesolarempire

India’s Ministry of New and Renewable Energy (MNRE) has come out with a scheme to promote the use of solar energy in India. Known as “Solar Cities’, 60 cities across India have been chosen to dramatically increase the use of solar power through solar panels, heaters and cookers so that 10% of the energy usage comes from solar energy in the future. Note MNRE has not been too successful with its earlier programs namely the much hyped JNNSM which has managed to install only around 250 MW of solar capacity till date. Note Gujarat alone has managed to install 600 MW of solar energy in much lesser time. Even the Solar Cities plan looks like a over-hyped media dud to me. Only Rs 50 lakhs is being granted which is peanuts compared to the investment that will need to be made. Most of the money will go in planning and setting up bureaucratic bodies.

Read about Solar Products In India.

Some of the key highlights of the Solar Cities program are:

1) 10% reduction in Fossil Fuels  – The Solar City aims at minimum 10% reduction in projected demand of conventional energy at the end of five years, through a combination of enhancing supply from renewable energy sources in the city and energy efficiency measures.

2) Actions  to be taken by the Municipal Corporations and City Councils/District Administrations for developing a Solar City

  • To create a “Solar City Cell”
  • To constitute a “Solar City Stake Holders Committee”
  • To promote National Rating System for construction of energy efficient Green Buildings in particular to commercial and institutional buildings
  • To amend building bye-laws for making the use of solar water heating systems mandatory in certain category of buildings.
  • To provide rebate in property tax through Municipal Corporations/ Municipalities & in electricity tariff though Utilities/ Electricity Boards to the users of solar water heaters especially in domestic sector.
  • To comply with MSW Rules 2000 notified by the Ministry of Environment.
  • To organize rigorous publicity, and also the training programs/ business meets for various stake holders e.g. architects, engineers, builders & developers, financial institutions, NGOs, technical institutions, manufactures/suppliers, RWAs etc. so as to involve them actively in meeting the objective of solar city.
  • To generate necessary funds from State Govt. and other funding organizations for achieving the objective of making the city as “Solar City”.

3) MNRE Grant – Up to Rs. 50.00 Lakhs per city/town is provided depending upon population and initiatives decided to be taken by the City Council/ Administration as following details:

  • Up to Rs 10 lakhs for preparation of a Master Plan within a year along with few implementable Detailed Project Reports.
  • Up to Rs. 10 lakhs for setting up of Solar City Cell and it’s functioning for a period of three years.
  • Up to Rs. 10 lakhs for oversight of implementation during three years.
  • Up to Rs. 20 lakhs for capacity building and other promotional activities to be utilized in three years.

4)     Population Size of Solar City – The cities may have population between 0.50 lakh to 50 lakh, however, relaxation could be considered for special category States including North-Eastern States and hilly States, Islands and Union Territories.

5)      List of Cities already Chosen

State-wise list of 48 Cities for which in-principle approval has been give:

Sl.No.

State

Cities for which in-principle approval given 

1.

Andhra Pradesh

1.  Vijaywada*

2.

 

Assam

2.  Guwahati , 3.  Jorhat*

3.

 

Arunachal Pradesh

4.  Itanagar*

4.

 

Chandigarh

5. Chandigarh *

5.

 

Chhattisgarh

6.  Bilaspur* , 7.  Raipur*

6.

 

Gujarat

8.  Rajkot* , 9.  Gandhinagar* , 10.Surat

7.

 

Goa

11.  Panji City*

8.

 

Haryana

12. Gurgaon* , 13. Faridabad*

9.

 

Himachal Pradesh

14.  Shimla * , 15.  Hamirpur*

10.

 

Karnataka

16. Mysore* , 17. Hubli-Dharwad*

11.

 

Kerala

18. Thiruvananthapuram , 19. Kochi

12.

 

Maharashtra

20. Nagpur* , 21. Thane* , 22.Kalyan-Dombiwali* ,              23. Aurangabad , 24. Nanded , 25. Shirdi

13.

 

Madhya Pradesh

26. Indore , 27.Gwalior* , 28. Bhopal , 29. Rewa

14.

 

Manipur

30. Imphal*

15.

 

Mizoram

31. Aizawl*

16.

 

Nagaland

32. Kohima* , 33. Dimapur

17.

 

Orissa

34. Bhubaneswar

18.

 

Punjab

35.  Amritsar* , 36.  Ludhiana*, 37.  SAS Nagar (Mohali)

19.

 

Rajasthan

38. Ajmer , 39. Jaipur , 40. Jodhpur*

20.

 

Tamil Nadu

41. Coimbatore

21.

 

Tripura

42. Agartala*

22.

 

Uttrakhand

43. Dehradun* , 44. Haridwar & Rishikesh* , 45. Chamoli-Gopeshwar

23.

 

Uttar Pradesh

46. Agra* , 47. Moradabad*

24.

 

West Bengal

48. Howrah

 

Original Article on Green World Investor

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